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RAW FEEDING
RAW DIET FEEDING

Our dogs eat a raw diet. They eat pork, chicken, turkey, beef, rabbit, deer, lamb, duck, elk, goat and any
other standard "prey" animal. I don't feed anything to them that had pointy teeth. I do know people feed
bear.

They must eat all sorts of parts, the meat, the bones, muscle meats and the organs. The goal for the week is
Meats 80%, Bones 10% and Organs 10%, (5%liver and 5% other organs) for the week...not necessarily every
single meal, but most meals should be as complete as possible. An easy way to think of this is what did the
animal come with. Like a chicken, picture the amount of meat on it, the bones and the organs
(it had one heart, 2 kidneys, 1 liver etc) It did not have a tub full of livers in it and one leg.
There are different types of bones. The smaller one that the dog can eat and give nutritional value
this is the type we are referring to for the raw diets, and larger ones, the dog cannot eat, that have only
recreational value, like marrow bones shank bones, knuckle bones.

Raw bones are soft and go crunch crunch and digest properly and keep the stools from becoming "cannon butt" in
addition to adding nutritional values. But Cooked Bones of any type are dangerous because they become
brittle and can splinter. Note:  heavy weight-baring leg bones like (cow, deer, other large animals) are  
dense and can break teeth. But my dogs do get them. They will usually break them in pieces and lick out the
marrow. I monitor the large pieces and pick up ones that become small or sharp.

Feed meats with normal fat content as dogs and cats require the raw fat for healthy skin.
Do not feed fat that has been cooked as a dog cannot digest cooked fat. Cooked fat can lead to
pancreatitis. Cooked fat is grease, raw fat is just fat.
If you are feeding poultry such as chicken thighs, use the raw skin as the source of fat. Since we feed a
normal amount of fat, use a normal amount of skin.

When feeding poultry, feed dark meat rather than white meat if you can. Dark meats have more nutrition
than white meat. They should still get some white meat.

A dog on a raw diet will need a variety of different meats in order to reap the benefits that each protein provides;
for example, one type of meat may be higher in iron, while another may be higher in vitamin A.
This is why a rotating diet is recommended in order to maintain a healthy raw diet.

In addition to meat, you can include vegetables, eggs, fruit, plain yogurt, etc. Raw eggs with shells, like bones,
are a good source of calcium, so are good to use when you don’t have bones. Farm eggs not store bought as
they have a wax coating on the shells. Do not over use raw eggs. Pumpkin is a
good system regulator. There are countless good foods to give your dog, once you start looking!  Dogs
cannot digest whole raw vegetables they must be pureed or cooked for the dog to be able to get any
nutrition from them. They ad nutrition, vitamins and fiber to the meats. Whole raw ones like carrots and
apples are a fun toy and entertainment and great for teething.  Grains, however, are completely
unnecessary- since commercial pet foods are always grain-based diets, many people are used to the idea
that their dogs need grain. It’s just not true. Some of the positive effects of feeding raw are related to
eliminating grain from your dog’s diet. I also give my dogs Raw milk, either cow or goat. I make sure they get
a calcium source when feeding meat without bones.

A note on bacteria:  Raw meat is not safe for humans because of bacteria like e-coli and Salmonella.
But, canine digestive systems are have some natural immunity to bacteria, and can handle the bacteria in meat
without issue, when in good overall health. Their digestive tract is also shorter and food goes through faster.

I feed big chunks (as in the 2-3 pounds being one piece) This gives lots of chewing time, or cut up meat into
about 1-inch cubes, and ground meats.

If you never fed bone before then start with something bigger like a chicken leg quarter so that the dog has
to chew it and realizes a bone is in there. If you start small (like a wing) the dog might swallow it whole.

The easiest way for me to start feeding raw food is…
My dogs always have kibble down, self feeding, so they can eat what and when they want. They get raw
meat in the evening. When their bellies are full you do not want the dogs running around afterwards. So
evening time is quiet time. I started with ground beef and gave about ½ pound to each dog. This is NOT to
be added to kibble. It is given separate in a separate bowl. I slowly increased the amount and slowly added
in different meats and meats with bone. As the amount of meat increase their desire and need for kibble
went way down.

A guide for the amount of meat they need is (when being fed as main source of food, no kibble)
As a general rule, a normal active dog requires about 2% of its “ideal” body weight per day. If your dog
weighs 100 pounds and it should weigh 75 pounds, then feed for the 75 lb amount not the 100 lb amount. A
highly active or younger dog may require about 3% of its ideal body weight per day. No two dogs are alike in
their metabolic rates, age, or activity levels Puppies can use up to 10% of their growing body weight. This is
a guide only and as you feed you may notice at times your dog looking thin, so then increase the amount of
food, then you may notice the dog looking chubby so then lower the amount of food being given. This may
change throughout the year based on the weather and activity of your dog. If your dog stops eating the dry
food then be sure to feed the full required amount of meat.
Puppies 10 % of growing body weight OR 2-3 % of their expected adult weight .Pups should have it in
divided  meals.
Dogs I am trying to put weight on I calculate at the 3 %, and to lose weight I do 1.5 %

80 lb dog at 2 % is 1.6 lbs raw food
       at 3% is 2.4 lbs raw food
100 lb dog at 2 % is 2.lbs raw food
     at 3% is 3.lbs raw food


IMPORTANT NOTICE:
NEVER FEED COOKED BONES AND NEVER FEED COOKED FAT
Large recreational bones can be cooked as the dog is not eating these he is only chewing on them.
     I feed my raw at or close to room temperature. However, a small amount of frozen or semi frozen
is fine sometimes especially in the summer (meat popsicles) or to slow down a fast eater.
I do not recommend frozen or cold to be fed on a regular basis.
I do give supplements
A whole food multi vitamin/mineral and a Raw green foods supplement.
Oil like Fish (with Vit E, human grade from named small fish like sardines or anchovies)
Coconut (organic, raw virgin cold pressed), and olive oil. I use them all and alternate which one I use daily.

Personally I will only use human grade meats or if pet food meat that has not been denatured, I do not use
4D or 3D meats. I am feeding my dogs raw to be healthier therefore I would not feed altered or unfit meats.

This information is about how I feed my dogs. So many times I am asked how and what I feed and how to
feed a raw diet. This works for me and I am happy with the results. I am not telling anyone that this is the
way to feed your dog. Everyone needs to do what they feel is right and how they want to do it.
Written by Susie Zeiner EZ Brook German Shepherds